Corn appears as small thick mass of hard layer which tend to develop when your skin attempt to protect itself beside any friction or pressure. Mostly, they are present on toes and feet of hands or fingers. On the outer side of the first and fifth toes corn are commonly seen because it is the point where pressure are mainly applied. Soft corns are those corns which tend to develop between the toes and they are not rigid as any other corn and they mostly develop because of presence of moisture between the toes.
For most people, simply eliminating the source of friction or pressure makes corns and calluses disappear. If they persist they can be removed surgically or by RF Treatment
The medical term for the thickened skin that forms corns and calluses is hyperkeratosis.
- A thick, rough area of skin
- A hardened, raised bump
- Tenderness or pain under your skin
- Flaky, dry or waxy skin
- Difference Between Corn And Calluses
How the corn appears?
Corn appears as a thick and rough area of the skin. They are hard with a raised bump on the surface and they are tender when pressure is applied. They have got waxy and flaky skin.
Why corn are only seen on the feet?
When we wear any hard shoe due to any regular pressure which is applied corn can form. The whole weight of the body is taken by the feet and when it is combined with shoe pressure corn is formed.
Why won’t it go?
The lesions of the corn are very stubborn and they get open on wearing sandals and foot wears, due to this apart from applying corn plaster they don’t go on its own. Below the corn there is a mass of inflamed tissue known as bursa which is formed due to rubbing of the tissue. Bursa is formed because of the rubbing of the tissue but it increases the pressure below corn due to which it appears to be prominent.
Treatments for Corns Removal
- Surgical removal
- RF cauterization
- Laser removal
First a local anesthesia is given with a very fine needle. This will make the area numb so you won’t feel any pain in that region during the procedure. The RF cautery is used to removed the superficial dead layer till the normal skin is reached which is identified by pin point bleeding on the surface .If bursa is present beneath the corn it is completely excise surgically. With a specialized instruments, the sharp bony projection – or spur is removed that is under pressure and causing the corn. Stitches are seldom needed and the patient can resume normal activity immediately after the procedure.
In laser corn removal first local anaesthesia is given. Then RF cautery is used for removing the superficial and dead skin layer till normal skin becomes visible. Bursa is completely removed by surgical process if it is present below the corn. A special instrument is used for removing the sharp bony projection is removed which is causing the pressure for developing corn. In some cases only stitches are required and patient can go home immediately after the procedure.
Care after the Corns Removal
A small dressing is done and that will be removed within a week. You will be prescribed pain killers and antibiotics for 5 days .You can start walking immediately after the procedure. A follow up examination will be done after 3 and 7 days.
Corns are best treated by first eliminating the cause of the pressure.
How you can prevent the occurrence of corn?
By removing the cause of pressure the corns are removed.
- You should wear comfortable shoes that doesn’t cause any pressure to your shoes.
- If the style of your walking is not proper, you have to adjust it
- If you are walking on sides of your feet corn can develop
- If you are wearing heel whose one side is torn and due to which your weigh is shifted unevenly