Sex Reassignment Surgery
Why gender reassignment surgery is important?
Gender personality is a person’s sense of recognition with either the male or female sex, as apparent in appearance, behaviour, and other aspects of a person’s life. Gender character poses a great mortification for transgender who struggles every day with their identity and being human we can understand the problems of a person who just keeps on fighting to find their own gender identity.
Trans-gender people need constant moral support, to survive with their own body and to make space for them in society. But, eventually their problem gets exaggerated when they do not get support from their close one and their parents do not understand their feelings. To help them the people suffering from gender dysphoria (Gender identity disorder) and to provide them respect in society, gender reassignment surgery is the best and only solution.
Gender reassignment surgery or SRS (also known as sex affirmation surgery and by many other names) is a surgical procedure by which a transgender person’s physical emergence and function of their existing sexual character are malformed to resemble that socially connected with their identified gender.
Steps mandatory before Sex Reassignment or Gender-Affirming Surgery
- Evaluation of Gender Identity disorder also called Gender Dysphoria is the first step of reassignment surgery (female to male or male to female). The evaluation is performed by the psychiatrist, specialize in gender identity order. After complete check-up, you are suggested to go for a medical evaluation for the period of 3 months.
- A mental health evaluation: this is necessary to look for any mental health issues that could pressure an individual’s mental state, and to consider a person’s readiness to experience the physical and emotional trauma of the transition.
- Clear and reliable documentation of gender dysphoria.
- Hormonal Therapy is started in agreement with Endocrinologist. Hormones are injected into the body to produce the desired sexual characters. After 3-6 months of hormonal therapy, gender reassignment surgery is started successfully.
Hormone Therapy in Sex Reassignment surgery
Transgender hormonal therapy for (Female to male and male to female) is the therapy given to change the secondary sexual characteristics of transgender people from masculine to feminine , and vice versa. This therapy is also named as hormonal replacement therapy. The process involves taking estrogens for a male to female transition or testosterone for a female to male transition. The aim of hormone therapy is to alter the physical appearance into wanted gender.
Let’s have a look on how testosterone affect female and how estrogens affect Male.
The impacts of Testosterone on Females-
When transgender women begin taking testosterone, they start experiencing the changes in reduced female characteristics and increased male characteristics. The changes can be separated into two categories, bodily changes and behaviour changes.
Bodily changes include:
- Beard and moustache growth
- Deepening of the voice
- Enlargement of the clitoris
- Increase in number of red blood cells
- Redistribution of fat from the breasts, hips, and thighs to the abdominal area
- Development of acne, similar to male puberty
- Increased growth of body hair
- Increased muscle mass and strength
- Baldness or localized hair loss
- Atrophy of the uterus and ovaries, resulting in an inability to have children
Behavioural changes include:
- Increased sex drive
Now let’s discuss the impact of estrogens on male
A male who desire to become women are given estrogens and within 3 months they start experiencing bodily and behavioural changes.